[ About | Download | Misc | Statistics | Changes | License | Hacking ]

Compiled on 2017-07-29 from rev 701f496baaf9.

IPA in gadict.

Pronunciation rules for English.

In English written symbol represent different sounds:

rough [XXX]
through [XXX]
bough [XXX]
though [XXX]
cough [XXX]

Many linguists argue that English require spelling reform.

Pronunciation keys for EN gadict.

Phonetic transcriptions usually enclosed in square brackets [əbaʊt] or slashes /əbaʊt/.

gadict project try to follow OED 2ed (Oxford English Dictionary) pronunciation for dialect known as RP (Received Pronunciation) and uses IPA for representation of pronunciation like in Wikipedia project:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English
Wikipedia IPA for English.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPA_chart_for_English
This concise chart shows the most common applications of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to represent English language pronunciations.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Received_Pronunciation
Wiki about RP.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oed
Oxford English Dictionary.

Compare:

Consonants.

[b]:

bed [bed], bird [bɜːrd], baby [beɪbi]

[p]:

pen [pen], people [piːpəl], hope [həʊp], pop [pɒp]

[d]:

dead [ded], dust [dʌst], odd [ɒd], did [dɪd]

[t]:

tree [triː], get [ɡet], button [bʌtn], tight [taɪt]

[ʧ]:

chalk [ʧɔːk], teacher [tiːʧər], match [mæʧ], church [ʧɜːrʧ]

[f]:

fat [fæt], flow [fləʊ], fine [faɪn], coffee [kɒfɪ], fluff [flʌf]

[v]:

very [ˈveri], heavy [ˈhevi], move [muːv], verve [vɜːrv]

[ɡ]:

glove [ɡlʌv], give [ɡɪv], bag [bæɡ], gig [ɡɪɡ]

[h]:

hot [hɒt], high [haɪ], hear [hɪə], hello [ˈheləʊ], how [hau]

[j]:

yet [jet], useful [juːsfəl], yellow [jeləʊ], cute [kjuːt]

[k]:

cat [kæt], came [keɪm], lucky [lʌki], sick [sɪk]

[l]:

lamp [læmp], bell [bel], level [levəl]

[m]:

milk [mɪlk], sum [sʌm]

[n]:

note [nəʊt], funny [fʌni], son [sʌn], none [nʌn]

[r]:

right [raɪt], road [rəʊd], sorry [ˈsɒrɪ]

[s]:

sofa [səʊfə], hiss [hɪs], cease [siːs]

[ð]:

then [ðen], this [ðɪs], that [ðæt], other [ʌðər], both [bəʊð]

[θ]:

think [θɪnk], throw [θrəʊ], author [ɔːθər], path [pæθ]

[ʃ]:

shoe [ʃuː], nation [neɪʃən], fish [fɪʃ], shush [ʃʊʃ]

[ʒ]:

pleasure [pleʒə], vision [ˈvɪʒən], beige [beɪʒ]

[dʒ]:

joke [dʒəʊk], lodger [lɒdʒər], bridge [brɪdʒ], judge [dʒʌdʒ]

[w]:

wet [wet], one [wʌn], when [wen], quick [kwɪk]

[z]:

zinc [zɪŋk], buzz [bʌz], roses [rəʊzəz]

Vowels.

[ʌ]:

son [sʌn], ɡun [ɡʌn]

[ɑː]:

car [kɑːr], father [fɑðər], start [stɑːrt], hard [hɑːrd]

[ɒ]:

lot [lɒt], hot [hɒt], odd [ɒd], love [lʌv], blood [blʌd]

[ɔː]:

fork [fɔːk], or [ɔː], fall [fɔːl]

[ʊ]:

good [ɡʊd], foot [fʊt], put [pʊt]

[uː]:

blue [blu:], group [ɡruːp]

[ɛ]:

pen [pɛn], text [tɛxt], pet [pɛt], dress [drɛs], bed [bɛd]

[ɪ]:

pin [pɪn], milk [mɪlk], minit [mɪnɪt], bid [bɪd]

[iː]:

tree [triː], see [siː], me [miː], tea [tiː]

[ɪə]:

ear [ɪə], dear [dɪə]

[ɜr]:

girl [gɜrl], first [fɜrst], work [wɜrk], learn [lɛrn]

[æ]:

fat [fæt], happy [hæppɪ], trap [træp]

[aɪ]:

high [haɪ], price [praɪs], try [traɪ]

[eə]:

where [weə], fair [feə], pair [peə]

[eɪ]:

face [feɪs], break [breɪk], day [deɪ]

[ɔɪ]:

choice [ʧɔɪs], noise [nɔɪz], boy [bɔɪ]

[əʊ]:

open [əʊpən], colon [kəʊlən], show [ʃəʊ]

[ɪə]:

near [nɪə], hear [hɪə]

[ʊə]:

tour [tʊə], pure [pjʊə], cure [kjʊə]

List of IPA symbols for English

θ ð ʃ ŋ ʧ ʒ ı ɡ ː ˌ ˈ ˑ ˏ ˊ ˋ
æ ɑ ɒ ʌ ʊ ɒ ɛ ə ɜ ɔ ɪ є ɚ

You can copy/paste they in phonetic string.

TODO

          Front       Central     Back
       long  short long  short long  short
Close   iː    ɪ                 uː    ʊ
Mid           ɛ     ɜː    ə     ɔː
Open          æ           ʌ     ɑː    ɒ

    Diphthong          Triphthong
Closing    Centring
 /eɪ/       /ɪə/        /aɪə/
 /aɪ/       /eə/        /ɑʊə/
 /ɔɪ/       /ʊə/
 /əʊ/
 /aʊ/

Old vs. new transcription.

From "Better English pronunciation.":

Old  iː i e ɔː u uː ei ou ai au ɔi æ ɔ ʌ əː ɑː iə ɛə uə ə
New  iː ɪ e ɔː ʊ uː eɪ əʊ aɪ aʊ ɔɪ æ ɒ ʌ ɜː ɑː ɪə eə ʊə ə

Also from Wikipedia:

Old  æ e əː ʌɪ ɑʊ ɛə
New  a ɛ ɜː aɪ aʊ eə