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Compiled on 2017-04-22 from rev f1a9714315d6.

English verbs

English tenses

Tenses of the main verb in sentence:

Tense \ Voise Active Passive
Present simple SUB V1 SUB am/is/are V3
Present continuous SUB am/is/are V-ing SUB am/is/are being V-ing
Present perfect SUB have/has V3 SUB have/has been V3
Present perfect continuous SUB have/has been V-ing SUB have/has been being V3
Past simple SUB V2 SUB was/were V3
Past continuous SUB was/were V-ing SUB was/were being V3
Past perfect SUB had V3 SUB had been V3

Tenses of the infinitive:

Tense \ Voise Active Passive
Present to V1 to be V3
Present Continuous to be V-ing -
Perfect to have V3 to have been V3
Perfect Continuous to have been V-ing -

Tenses of the -ing form:

Tense \ Voise Active Passive
Present V-ing being V3
Perfect having V3 having been V3

Present Simple Tense

SUB - plural or 1st/2nd person subject, SUB3 - singular 3rd person subject, V1 - infinitive form of verb.

Check creating V1 + -s/-es form link for more information.

Statement sentence
SUB V1
SUB3 V1 + -s/-es
OBJ
Negation sentence
SUB do not V1
SUB don't V1
SUB3 does not V1
SUB3 doesn't V1
OBJ
Question sentence
Do SUB V1
Does SUB3 V1
OBJ?

Present Simple Tense for be

Statement sentence
I am
I'm
OBJ
You are
You're
We are
We're
They are
They're
He is
He's
She is
She's
It is
It's
Negation sentence
I am not
I'm not
OBJ
You are not
You aren't
You're not
We are not
We aren't
We're not
They are not
They aren't
They're not
He is not
He isn't
He's not
She is not
She isn't
She's not
It is not
It isn't
It's not
Question sentence.
Am
I
OBJ?
Are
we
you
they
Is
he
she
it

Present Simple Tense for have

Statement sentence
I have
I've
You have
You've
We have
We've
They have
They've
OBJ
OBJ
He has
He's
She has
She's
It has
It's
 
Negation sentence
I have no
I've no
You have no
You've no
We have no
We've no
They have no
They've no
OBJ
He has no
He's no
She has no
She's no
It has no
It's no
 
Question sentence
Have



I
you
we
they
OBJ?
Has


he
she
it

Past simple tense

SUB - subject, V2 - past form of verb.

Statement sentence
SUB V2 OBJ
Negation sentence
SUB

did not
did't
V1 OBJ
Question sentence
Did SUB V1
OBJ?

Imperative mood

V1 - infinitive form of verb, OBJ - object, ADV - adverb.

imperative mood
V1 OBJ
V1 OBJ ADV
Get this!
Bring him immediately!
Do that right now!

Verb patterns

Verb patterns are the practice of using verbs in sentence.

Intransitive verb

SUB + V

Examples:

John smiles.
The baby was sleeping.

Transitive verb

SUN + V + OBJ

Examples:

He drives car.
John has killed old dog.

Phrasal verb

SUB + V + PREP + OBJ or SUB + V + OBJ + PREP.

Examples:

He puts on shirt.
He puts shirt on.
She gave the money back.
She gave back the money.

Verb + infinitive

SUB + AUX + V1 is used with auxiliary verbs:

do, can/could, may/might, must, shall/should, will/would

Verb + gerund

SUB + V + V-ing is used with these verbs:

admit, adore, avoid, can't stand, consider, deny, detest, discuss, dislike,
enjoy, fancy, finish, give up, hate, involve, go on, keep, like, love, mind,
miss, prefer, practice, postpone, quit, suggest, imagine, recommend, risk,
stop, talk about, think about

These verbs express likes and dislikes.

All other verbs must be used in SUB + V + to + V1 pattern. Usually likes/dislikes verbs can be used within to + V1 pattern but meaning could be slightly different.

http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/verbs-followed-ing-clauses

Verb + to + infinitive

SUB + V + to + V1 is used after these verbs:

afford, agree, appear, arrange, ask, begin, continue, decide, demand, choose,
expect, fail, forget, hate, help, hope, intent, learn, like, love, manage,
mean, need, offer, plan, prefer, pretend, promise, refuse, remember, seem,
start, try, want, would like, would love intend plan want

Example:

I want to work for you.

http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/verbs-followed-infinitive

Ambiguous verbs for infinitive/gerund pattern

These verbs can be used both with SUB + V + V-ing and SUB + V + to + V1 pattern:

begin, continue, finish, end, hate, like, love, intend, regret, start,
can’t stand

can be used in infinitive and in gerund patterns.

Examples:

It started raining.
It started to rain.
I continued to work in the library.
I continued working in the library.

Verb + object + infinitive

SUB + V + OBJ + V1 is used for these verbs:

let, make

and some verbs of perception:

see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense

Examples:

Daddy let me keep the dog.
She made me say sorry.
I watched her walk away.

Verb + object + to + infinitive

SUB + V + OBJ + to + V1 is used with verbs (list is not complete):

want, ask, advice, invite, order, tell, teach, advise, allow, beg, cause,
command, encourage, expect, force, need, order, recommend, remind, tell, see,
help

Examples:

I want you to go with me.
He invited me to have a dinner.
I told you not to eat cake!
She told him to go home.
They advised us to wait.
I see dog barking at you.

Verb + object + gerund

V + OBJ + V-ing is used with verbs:

excuse, forget, forgive

Examples:

Excuse me interrupting you.
Forgive him insulting you.

Ambiguous verb + object + gerund/infinitive

When they are used with -ing, these verbs emphasise the action or event in progress. When they are used with an infinitive without to, they emphasise the action or event seen as a whole, or as completed

XXX

feel notice see hear overhear watch

Verb + preposition + gerund

SUB + V + PREP + V-ing is used after this verbs:

be good at, specialise, think

Examples:

Mary is good at singing.
He specialises in helping children.
Tom is thinking about cooking dinner.